Peace Agreement Colombia 2016

But after 50 years of war, many Colombians are still not ready to forgive. As President Santos said, the hard work of peace is now before us. The agreement now clarifies what can be expected if rebels accused of various crimes, including war crimes and drug trafficking, are tried by a special court. This was one of the demands of the opposition, but the new agreement still does not allow prison sentences for those who have confessed to war crimes, which the government says has led the FARC to leave the negotiating table. The decommissioning would be phased in over 6 months (180 days) after the formal signing of the final agreement (“D-Day”). From the fifth to the thirtieth day after D-Day, the FARC will go to the ZVTN to transport all their individual and secondary weapons, militia armament, grenades and ammunition. The formal dismantling of weapons would begin as soon as all FARC members reached the areas. The collection and storage of weapons would be done in three phases: 30% of the weapons per D -90, an additional 30% of the weapons by D-120 and 40% by D-150. At the latest with D-180, six months after the signing of the Final Agreement, the United Nations would have certified that it had completed the arms production process and duly informed the public. The bilateral ceasefire and the operation of the zones would end at D-180. The subcommittee on the gender of peace negotiations is unique in the world. In mid-2014, when discussions on the victims` agreement were launched, negotiators announced the creation of the Gender Subcommittee to ensure a gender-based approach in the partial agreements that have been concluded now and in future agreements.

Other parallel developments were the empowerment of Aboriginal women, who created the first National Commission for Aboriginal Women. Women were also able to create the first permanent space for dialogue between civil society and the security sector. [91] Other measures to implement the agreements include:[112] The six-month period to reach an agreement seemed difficult to meet as early as November due to delays in the closure of transitional justice, which was paralyzed despite the September 23 announcements due to differences in interpretation of the delicate details between the two parties. [63] In September 2014, discussions established a special subcommittee on gender equality to ensure that a gender perspective and women`s rights are included in all agreements. [90] The peace process and peace talks in Havana were supported by the Norwegian and Cuban governments, both of which are the guarantors of the final agreement. The participation of Norway and Cuba has contributed to the mutual trust of the parties to the conflict and to the credibility of the peace process. The participation of third parties in the development of the peace agreement does not change the legal status of the peace agreement, but it has contributed to the successful conclusion of the negotiations: the lack of involvement of the international community in the peace negotiations during the presidency of Andrés Pastrana would have contributed to the failure of the negotiations. [95] The Chilean and Venezuelan governments served as observers during the peace talks. The peace process has also been supported by a number of other Latin American governments, such as Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa and Bolivian President Evo Morales. [4] The Colombian government and left-wing farcical rebels have signed a historic agreement that officially ends 52 years of armed conflict.

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